Jean Monnet

Jean Monnet (Nov. 9, 1888 — March 16, 1979) French economist and diplomat. He is regarded by many as a chief architect of the European Union. In World War II he chaired a Franco-British economic committee and proposed a Franco-British union. In 1947 he created and directed the successful Monnet Plan to rebuild and modernize France's economy. In 1950, with Robert Schuman, he proposed the plan for the European Coal and Steel Community, predecessor of the European Economic Community and the European Union, and served as its first president (1952 – 55). He was also the founder and president of the action committee for the United States of Europe (1955 – 75).